Students studying architecture and design should note the following safety features which have been incorporated into various football grounds in Scotland.


  • All-seated grounds in respect of which Safety Certificates have been granted under the Safety at Sports Grounds Act 1975.
  • Adequate provision of turnstiles and exit gates.
  • Professional stewarding, including Fire Stewarding.
  • Spacious internal and external concourses.
  • The provision of dedicated car parks for both 'home' and 'away' fans.
  • The provision of parking spaces for Emergency Services vehicles.
  • Internal and external CCTV systems linked to modern police control rooms.
  • High quality public address systems.
  • High quality fire alarm systems.
  • Modern 'Public Address', 'Stewards' Control', and 'Medical Control' rooms in close proximity to each other.
  • Good internal and external lighting.
  • No Smoking Policies in vulnerable areas, supported by signage.
  • Electronic turnstile counting mechanisms.
  • The provision of retractable tunnels to protect players and officials from injury by any objects which might be thrown.
  • Wide, hard surface tracks around the perimeter of playing surfaces onto which fans can be evacuated in emergency situations.
  • Easily opened 'emergency' gates giving access from stands and terraces towards the playing areas.
  • An absence of fencing between stands/terraces and the playing areas.
  • The provision of sand buckets to quickly douse any flares or fireworks that are thrown.
  • The provision of electronic scoreboards and jumbotron screens which are capable of displaying written text messages.
  • Tried and tested police and stewarding operations.
  • Passageway patrols by stewards.
  • Substantial season ticket holdings which means that these fans sit beside each other at every match and therefore settle into patterns of behaviour which are acceptable to each other and the authorities.
  • Policies that ensure that matches are all-ticket, minimising queues and crushing.
  • The employment of Safety Officers who are empowered to take action against fans whose behaviour proves to be unacceptable.
  • The employment of Ticket Centre Managers and Stadium Managers who ensure that ticketing and maintenance matters are properly supervised.
  • The employment of Health and Safety Managers to ensure that all procedures adopted by clubs are safety based.
  • Policies of full co-operation with the police, fire, and building control authorities whom regularly undertake 'spot checks' within grounds.
  • Pre-match inspections and meetings before matches.
  • The provision of external bins to encourage the disposal of bottles, cans, etc.
  • The provision of doctors, paramedics and first aid personnel at matches.
  • The provision of First Aid Stations within grounds.
  • The provision of televisions on internal concourses which broadcast games 'live' and therefore encourage an even distribution of fans to fast food outlets throughout matches.
  • The application of plastic seals to exit gates which, without impeding emergency opening, deter unauthorised opening.
  • Adoption of Ground Regulations, Safety Policies and Emergency Action Plans.
  • The attendance at matches on standby of Scottish Power personnel and Lift Engineers in the event of system failures.


Useful Links

UK Fire Service
This site provides information from fire safety through to recruitment information.
Visit their website


St Andrew's Ambulance Service
Scotland's premier provider of first aid training and services.
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Health and Safety Executive
This office has an extensive website or you can telephone their information line on 08701 545500.
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Scottish Power
Telephone 0845 270 6543
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Her Majesty's Stationery Office
HMSO oversees the printing and publication of all UK legislation and related materials. To purchase legislation, telephone The Stationery Office on 0870 600 5522.
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